Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War

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Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War

Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War

This publication examines the intensified rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran and its destructive influence, shaped by geopolitical aspirations but heightened by claims to independence, Islamic legitimacy. When the competition began to open in the divided society of the Middle East, such as the “proxy arena” Bahrain, Iraq, Lebanon, and especially Syria and Yemen shown in this report, which fed the differences of the two factions created and worsened the current situation. social pressure. This has given grassroots “entrepreneurial factions” the opportunity to amplify their devastating humanitarian influence.

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The publication claims there are links between the sectarian groups and their Gulf kin, many of whom operate their own agencies independent of Saudi Arabia or Iran. The international community often ignores the importance of domestic political power, both in the countries of the region and in Saudi Arabia and Iran itself, when trying to make sense of the conflict in the Middle East.

The publication encourages the international community to stop using sect-based groups as proxies or allies and to refrain from using language that reinforces divisions between communities, such as the “Shia crescent.” It must fight the sirens framing the issue of group rights that widen sectarian divides and instead promise the rule of law and individual rights. The report says the international community must do more to support grassroots projects that address sectarian, ethnic, social and tribal divisions. At the international level, it should try to create a more neutral space to discuss regional issues, facilitate dialogue and build trust between Riyadh and Tehran, which can help build peace and support efforts to achieve a ceasefire in Yemen and Syria.

This publication is a collaboration between the Center for Foreign Policy and the Sectarianism, Empowerment Delegations and Disarmament (SEPAD) project at Lancaster University’s Richardson Institute for Peace Studies, supported by the Consortium. Carnegie. Publications with expert contributions Including: Dr. Simon Mabon, Lancaster University (ed.); Professor Toby Dodge, LSE; Prof. Madawi Al Rashid, LSE; Dr. Bassel Saluk, Lebanese American University; Dr. May Darwich, University of Durham; Dr. Chris Phillips, QMUL; Dr. Hannes Baumann, University of Liverpool, Dr. Edward Wastnage, Open University; and Dr Rahaf Aldugli, Lancaster University.

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Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War

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Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War

We use cookies to ensure that we offer you the best possible experience on our website. If you continue to use this website, we will assume that you are satisfied. Iran-Saudi relations hit a low point in 2016, ushering in a new phase in the decades-long rivalry between the predominantly Shia and Sunni Muslim countries. Saudi Arabia has sought to limit Iran’s influence in Syria and Yemen, while limiting Iranian intervention in the volatile east, including the small but Sunni-ruled, Shiite-majority state of Bahrain. The rivalry raises real concerns that the two regional superpowers may seek to increase their hostility to ensure regional hegemony; however, the costs incurred outweigh the benefits.

Iran V. Saudi Arabia Rivalry And Its Impact On Middle East Politics

To casual observers, Saudi Arabia’s announcement in early January that it had executed 47 suspects on terrorism charges, including the Shia cleric Nimr al-Nimr, would not have attracted much attention. the opposition forces. The Shia minority in eastern Saudi Arabia. Al-Nimr, who called for greater political freedom and the release of political prisoners, was convicted of treason and subsequently hanged. The anger then led to a series of developments that increased Shia-Sunni tensions in the region. Immediately after the execution, anti-Saudi protesters in Iran organized violent demonstrations in front of the Saudi diplomatic missions in Mashhad and Tehran. During the riots, both buildings were attacked.

The Saudi response to the development was swift. It cut diplomatic ties with Iran, and its allies in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) followed suit. In the coming weeks, Saudi Arabia and its allies will consider the Lebanon-based terrorist organization Hezbollah to belong to Iran, ban travel to Lebanon, cut air routes between Iran and Saudi Arabia, and conduct military exercises in northern Saudi Arabia. . with the participation of several armed forces. Saudi allies under the auspices of the Islamic Military Alliance. The coalition was formed in December 2015 to fight the Islamic State (IS), but has also been used as a tool to prevent Iran from expanding further in the region.

While there were some conciliatory moves, the stalemate continued. The latest manifestation of this contest is Iran’s refusal to send its oil minister to the OPEC-led conference in Qatar, attended by the world’s major oil producers, on April 17; and the failure of subsequent conference participants to agree on an oil production freeze. This freeze could lead to higher oil prices for oil-dependent countries.

Saudi Arabia and Iran also continue to pursue their narrow interests in regional conflict areas, particularly Syria, Yemen and Iraq. In Syria, Saudi Arabia continues to support moderate Sunni rebel groups fighting the regime of Bashar al-Assad backed by Iran, Hezbollah and Russia, mainly through funding and weapons. Saudi Arabia’s intention in Syria is to establish a pro-Saudi regime, preferably a Sunni one, while Iran supports the existence of the current Al-Assad regime, or at least a predominantly Alawite Muslim government friendly to this regime. For Iran, defending its Syrian ally is important, as it gives Iran the ability to project power and influence in the eastern Mediterranean and the wider MENA region. If Iran loses its influence in Syria, it will be dealt a fatal blow and will be surrounded by Arab and Sunni countries.

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In addition to Syria, Iran and Saudi Arabia are also competing in Yemen. Iran supports Houthi militias and military forces loyal to former Yemeni President Ali Saleh. Saudi Arabia leads the coalition supporting the internationally recognized government of Abd Rabuh Mansour Hadi. Iran’s support is largely limited to the provision of light weapons and political support, which it effectively uses to heighten Saudi Arabia’s concerns about the security of its southern border. Currently, the conflict has reached a stalemate following a pro-Saudi victory at the end of 2015. The outcome of the conflict remains of great importance to both sides. If the Houthis are completely destroyed, Iran’s ability to pressure Saudi Arabia will be reduced.

In Iraq, Iran is strong because it backs and supports political parties associated with the Shiite Muslim majority. Their presence in Iraq also includes Iranian military personnel assigned to support Iraqi security forces and allied Shiite militias against IS. Iran’s presence and influence in Iraq is ironic

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